Essay about The Reasons Hitler Came To Power
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The Reasons Hitler Came To Power
In 1933, Hitler the leader of the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party) became the Chancellor of Germany which was in crisis at the time. I will try to explore some of the reasons why he progressed in gaining this position.
After the Treaty of Versailles, Germanys' government was a coalition of two political parties. The government was part Social Demarcates and part Peoples Parties these governments both were in favor of the Treaty of Versailles and wanted Germany to pay back their reparations. The Weimar Republic was set up mainly to help Germany out of their economic crisis at that time. Germany lost a lot of its land and the German people very…show more content…
This was because they expected for Germany to recover quickly. The Young plan was also introduced in 1929 which gave a set amount to pay over limited period of time this also failed.
But Germany attitude toward this negative right wing parties in Germany saw this as another handover to the war guilt that Germany was to accept. German people felt betrayed by its government. The Nationalists and Hitler's Nazi party then joined together to form a national opposition. They then proposed a law which was against Germany paying any more reparations and insisted that the Minister to be disciplined for agreeing to the treaty. The proposal for a national referendum took place. But only small turnout which was not nears the 21 million that was required by the constitution.
This helped Hitler's Nazi party to be known to German people as a major contender in future. Hitler party had a very clear ideology. The Nazi ideology was based on Darwin's theory of natural selection. Hitler considered Aryans as a race that were born to domimnate. He believed that the strong should not be pulled back by the weak. Hitler made old fashion German lifestyle seem important in the times where Germany was powerful in Europe. Hitler's party the Nazi saw the Weimar government as a failure because of the Treaty of Versailles. He wanted to Germany to become as powerful as Britain and France and to do this
Hitler's Rise To Power Essay
Hitler and the Nazi's rise to power was one of chance and circumstance. His alternative views to mainstream politics struck a chord with the people. He was a charismatic orator, with a style of leadership unprecedented in German politics. He was able to channel Germany's hatred for the Weimar Republic, Treaty of Versailles and minorities into support for his National Socialist Party, which subsequently allowed him to gain power legitimately. Hitler had the ability to manipulate events so that he could gain widespread popularity. He controlled power by installing fear and sustained a myth about his leadership fuelled by propaganda. Hitler's rise to power was one of necessity, manipulation and circumstance, all of which seemed to play directly into his hands.
The Treaty of Versailles signed by Germany in 1919 could be acknowledged as a long-term catalyst for the rise to power of Nazism in Germany, but in the interim, support for the Nazis as a direct result of the treaty was negligible. While the Germans felt betrayed by the callous terms placed on them by the treaty, they were not influenced to vote for the National Socialists. This is supported by the fact that during the early post war period (1918-28), the Nazis failed to gain a seat in the German parliament and regularly failed to record over three percent of the popular vote. Therefore, this would indicate that the Treaty of Versailles exerted little influence in the rise of Hitler, in the short-term. However, the long-term repercussions of the treaty helped the Nazis gain appeal by the fact that during the late Twenties, Germany suffered the effects of the Depression greater than any other country due to the Treaty. This was because Germany was forced to pay war reparations in excess of thirty-two billion American dollars to the victorious nations, which consequently left the German economy vulnerable. In conjunction with this, over the years antipathy began to ferment throughout the German populace because of the ' War Guilt Clause'. (Lowe, 1982:95) This helped Hitler gain popularity because he exploited the nations resentment by asserting that he would abrogate the terms of the Treaty. Therefore, it can be reasoned that the Versailles Peace Treaty, whilst being a catalyst for the rise to power of Hitler in the long run, had no noticeable impact on early Nazi support.
Germany's ineffective post-war government, the Weimar Republic contributed to the rise of Hitler because it created a discontented populace, which he was able to exploit. ' The nation was in turmoil under the leadership of the Weimar Republic, which was associated with all things wrong with post-war Germany.' (Mason, 1996:99) This turmoil was attributed to the poor economic and political management of the Republic. Hyperinflation, a weak German...
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